All About the DVSA test for Large Goods Vehicles

If you want to drive large goods vehicles (LGV) in the UK, you will need to pass the CPC test. This test has 4 parts and passing means you are legally allowed to drive large goods vehicles.

CPC Part 1: Theory

You can book this part of the CPC (Driver Certificate of Professional Competence) test online via GOV.UK. As soon as you have your provisional licence, you can book the theory test.

The theory test is comprised of 2 parts, hazard perception and multiple choice. You can take both parts of the test on the same day. If you choose not to, you will need to pass both tests within 2 years of passing the first part.

 

What you will need

When you take your theory test you will need to have one of the following with you:

  • A photocard driving licence that was issued in Great Britain
  • An EU photocard driving licence. If you have the paper licence you will need to bring this with you
  • A Northern Ireland photocard driving licence along with the paper licence

If you do not have a photocard driving licence, please take your paper licence and a valid passport with you.

 

Wearing a face covering

You will need to wear a face covering when taking your test. If you don’t wear a face covering, you will need a good reason.

Some reasons for not wearing a face covering include:

  • Wearing one could cause you a lot of distress
  • You have a mental or physical disability, impairment, or illness

When you’re booking your test, you will need to state why you cannot wear a face covering. If you fail to mention why and you don’t wear a face covering when you arrive, your test will end up being cancelled.

 

How the CPC Part 1: Theory Test Works

The official dvsa theory test for large goods vehicles consists of multiple-choice questions and a hazard perception test.

You can take a practice multiple-choice test so you can see how it works. You can do this via GOV.UK.

The multiple-choice part lasts for 1 hour 55 minutes. You will pass the test if you score 85 out of 100.

When taking the hazard perception test, you will be shown 19 short videos. There will be a total of 20 developing hazards for you to spot.

The pass mark for the hazard perception test is 67 out of 100.

 

The Test Result

Once you have taken either part of the theory test, you will be given a letter the shows you the results. Once you have passed both parts of the test you will receive your certificate in the post. You will need the certificate when you book the Driver CPC part 3.

Please note, your theory test certificate is valid for 2 years. You need to pass the Driver CPC part 3 within a period of 2 years. If you do not pass it, you will need to take part 1 of the theory test again.

If you fail the theory tests, you will receive a letter telling you why you failed. You can book another theory test right away. However, you will need to wait for 3 working days before you can take the test.

 

CPC Part 2: Test

As soon as you have your provisional licence, you can book this part of the test. It’s not necessary for you to have passed the part 1 theory test first.

 

What you will need

When you take your theory test you will need to have one of the following with you:

  • A photocard driving licence that was issued in Great Britain
  • An EU photocard driving licence. If you have the paper licence you will need to bring this with you
  • A Northern Ireland photocard driving licence along with the paper licence

If you do not have a photocard driving licence, please take your paper licence and a valid passport with you.

 

Wearing a face covering

You will need to wear a face covering when taking your test. If you don’t wear a face covering, you will need a good reason.

Some reasons for not wearing a face covering include:

  • Wearing one could cause you a lot of distress
  • You have a mental or physical disability, impairment, or illness

When you’re booking your test, you will need to state why you cannot wear a face covering. If you fail to mention why and you don’t wear a face covering when you arrive, your test will end up being cancelled.

 

How the CPC Part 2: Test Works

This part of the CPC test is comprised of 7 case studies. You will work through the case studies on a computer. All of the case studies are based on some situations that you could come across when you’re driving an LGV.

You will be asked 6 to 8 questions based on each of the case studies. All of the questions are multiple-choice.

This test lasts 1 hour 15 minutes, and the pass mark for the CPC part 2 is 40 out of 50.

 

The Test Result

You will receive a letter that shows your test results. This letter will be given to you at the test centre. You will need to have the pass reference number with you when you book part 4 of the test.

Please note, your letter is valid for 2 years. You need to pass the Driver CPC part 4 within a period of 2 years. If you do not pass it, you will need to take part 2 of the test again.

If you fail the test, you will receive a letter telling you why you failed. You can book another theory test right away. However, you will need to wait for 3 working days before you can take the test.

 

CPC Part 3: Driving Ability

If you wish to take part 3 of the official dvsa theory test for drivers of large vehicles, you’ll need to have passed part 1.

 

What you will need

You will need to bring a bus, coach, or lorry with you to the test. You will also need:

  • A photocard driving licence that was issued in Great Britain
  • An EU photocard driving licence. If you have the paper licence you will need to bring this with you
  • A Northern Ireland photocard driving licence along with the paper licence

If you do not have a photocard driving licence, please take your paper licence and a valid passport with you.

 

Wearing a face covering

You will need to wear a face covering when taking your test. If you don’t wear a face covering, you will need a good reason.

Some reasons for not wearing a face covering include:

  • Wearing one could cause you a lot of distress
  • You have a mental or physical disability, impairment, or illness

When you’re booking your test, you will need to state why you cannot wear a face covering. If you fail to mention why and you don’t wear a face covering when you arrive, your test will end up being cancelled.

 

How the CPC Part 3: Driving Ability Test Works

This test lasts 1 hour 30 minutes, it includes:

  • Off-road exercises
  • Practical road driving
  • Vehicle safety questions

Off-road exercises

  • The exercises will include an s-shaped reverse into a bay
  • Showing the examiner your uncoupling and recoupling procedure. You will only need to carry out this part of the test if you are using a trailer.

Practical road driving

During this part of the test your examiner will watch you:

  • Using the vehicle’s controls
  • Moving away at an angle both up and downhill
  • Doing a controlled stop
  • Managing your progress and controlling the vehicle’s speed
  • Using the vehicle’s mirrors
  • Dealing with hazards
  • Giving the appropriate signals
  • Showing that you have an awareness of and can anticipate the intentions of other road users
  • Finding a safe place to stop

In addition to the above, the examiner will watch you driving independently for 10 minutes. This is so they can see your driving ability when you’re making independent decisions.

 

Vehicle safety questions

During this part of the test, the examiner will ask you “Show me, tell me” questions. These may relate to lorries, coaches, and buses, or lorries, buses, and coaches that are towing trailers.

 

The Test Result

Your examiner will tell you if you have passed the test. You will pass if you make 15 or fewer faults and no dangerous or serious faults.

If you fail the test, you will receive a letter telling you why you failed. You can book another theory test right away. However, you will need to wait for 3 working days before you can take the test.

 

CPC Part 4: Practical Demonstration

You must have successfully passed CPC Part 2 before you can take CPC Part 4.

To book your test you can book it yourself online via GOV.UK or ask your trainer to book a test for you.

 

What you will need

You will need to bring a bus, coach, or lorry with you to the test. You will also need:

  • A photocard driving licence that was issued in Great Britain
  • An EU photocard driving licence. If you have the paper licence you will need to bring this with you
  • A Northern Ireland photocard driving licence along with the paper licence

If you do not have a photocard driving licence, please take your paper licence and a valid passport with you.

 

Wearing a face covering

You will need to wear a face covering when taking your test. If you don’t wear a face covering, you will need a good reason.

Some reasons for not wearing a face covering include:

  • Wearing one could cause you a lot of distress
  • You have a mental or physical disability, impairment, or illness

When you’re booking your test, you will need to state why you cannot wear a face covering. If you fail to mention why and you don’t wear a face covering when you arrive, your test will end up being cancelled.

 

How the CPC Part 4: Practical Demonstration Works


This stage of the dvsa theory test for drivers of large vehicles involves you being tested on:

  • Assessing emergency situations
  • Doing a walk-around safety check
  • Preventing illegal immigrant trafficking
  • Reducing the physical risks to yourself and others
  • Loading the vehicle while following safety rules so it can be kept secure

This part of the test is comprised of 5 different topics. The topics come from the Driver CPC Syllabus. You can score a maximum of 20 points for each of the topics.

To pass this part of the test you must score at least 80 out of 100.

 

The Test Result

Your examiner will tell you if you have passed the test. If you fail the test, you will receive a letter telling you why you failed. You can book another theory test right away. However, you will need to wait for 3 working days before you can take the test.

 

Once you Have Passed All the Tests

As soon as you have passed all 4 sections of the CPC test, you will be given a Driver CPC card. This is also known as a “DQC” or a “Driver qualification card”.

You are required to carry the Driver CPC card with you whenever you drive a coach, bus, or lorry for professional reasons.

 

Staying Qualified

You must take 35 hours of Driver CPC training every 5 years so you can remain a professional driver. You must also renew your bus or lorry licence every 5 years.

If you are aged 65 or over, you will need to renew your bus or lorry licence every year.

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